Chowanoke Descendants Community

Robins/Robbins

John Robins was among the last Chowanoke chiefmen, as shown in land sale documents, and his family was the last Chowanoke family to leave the Bennet's creek settlement. It is said on wikipedia that when the men died the women intermarried with the locals, both white and black, and many descendents are today a part of the Meherrin tribe, which the Meherrin website confirms. A great website on the history a Robins branch is at:

A Chowanoke Family - by Marvin Jones

Within our site here, Chowan Indians, by Fletcher Freeman gives more information on the Robins.

Thanks to information learned from Marvin Jones, site member and Robbins descendant, the following information is learned:

John Robbins (tribal leader) had a daughter, among others, Nan/Nancy/Anne. Her son was James Robbins, whose name appears on the final land deeds. (He married Henry Hill's daughter (white planter). Its probable that the 30 acre plot they lived on came from him. James' son was Noah Robbins, and from Noah its fairly easy to trace using census records. There apparently was a group of Robbins who moved to Ohio following the Nat Turner rebellion, but the remainder remain in the Winton triangle area of eastern North Carolina.    

Noah Robbins - Born abt 1802 in Bertie County, NC (Census records). The information I have found so far is a bit conflicting about his marriage and death. A marriage record I found on ancestry.com (which came from a county history) stated that he died aft. 1859, but was married to Sussana Weaver in 1905. Therefore I don't know whats going on there yet, althoug the 1850 census doed show that Sussana was married to Noah during that time. The census records show his children were:

Noah Robbins, born abt. 1829, Bertie

Andrew Jackson Robbins, born abt. 1848,Bertie

William Robbins, born abt. 1850, Bertie

James Robbins, born abt 1852, Bertie

Note the passing on if names, like James Robbins, possibly named after the tribal leader. Andrew Jackson Robbins would marry three times and have many children. One of these marriages was to Molly Reynolds. Molly was Meherrin, and through this marriage of two displaced Indian people, there are now many within the Meherrin tribe today who can trace their heritage to the last Chowanoke family to remain on communally held land.

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The Following is courtesy of Gerard (Jerry) Pierce, site member and Robbins descendant. It represents many long hours of research and writing, and cannot be reproduced, in whole or in part, without written consent from him. Reproduced here with his permission.

Generation One 

John Robins born abt. 1700, wife unknown.  Children: Nan/Nancy/Ann Robins and Lucy Robins.

     1. "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia" by Paul Heinegg, "was one of the Chowan County indiansthat sold their land on Bennet's Creek in 1734 in the part of Chowan County which would later become Gates County" [James Bennet, Thos Hoyter, Charles Beasley, Jeremiah Pushin, John Robbins, John Reading & Nuce Will, Chief Men of the Chowan Indians. [Chowan deed book W: 250}

     2. 1738 Chowan County Court, NC, "complaint made by Thomas Durant Indian of John Robin Indian on non-payment of a promissary note dated 8 Feb 1733 in the amount of eight pounds four shillingscurrent money of North Carolina etc."

     1739 May 6, Bertie County Deeds, David Jornejend to John Robins; 20 pf dor 100 a, On WS Chowan River at Gem Pond. Part of tract granted to Richard Holland by patent April 1, 1723. Wit James Manney, Jurat, William Robins. May Court 1739.

   1739 May 6, Bertie County Deeds, John Drewry (Drury) of Craven County to John Robins; 70 pds for 100 A. At Miery Meadows adj John Hobbs. Prt of a tract granted to John Daverson by patent dated April 1, 1723. Wit. Joseph Maney, Jurat, William Robbins, May Court, 1739.

 CHILD ONE  Nancy/Nan/Ann Robins. born abt 1743

                 1790 Census, Gates County, Edenton district, NC [See NOTE 1]                              

                 1800 Census Record, Gates County, [Ann] family of 4

                 1810 Census Record, Gates County, [Nancy] family of 5

                 1820 Census Record, Gates County, [Ann] family of 7

 1. 1790 Censu Record: James Robbins: 1 Free white females including head of families, 15 all other free persons.

 2.   "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia" by Paul Heinegg, "was among 8 indians who purchased for five pounds who purchased thirty acres near the old Indian patenton 1 August 1782. The folowing year she was identified as the mother in a deed for adjoining theirs (A-2:33, 46]. Their father may have been deseased, or they may have been following the indian custom of matrilineal descent. In 1791 these eight members of the Robins family and George and Joseph Bennet were the only surviving members of the Chowan Tribe according to the General Assembly which authorized the sale fo the last 400 acres of their land [Deeds 2: 274]. Nan Robins may have been the female head of their small clan - as Edy Turner was head of the surviving Nottoway indians [Dispersal of the NottowaY Indians, by Rountree in VHMB Vol. 95, No 2 (April 1987), pp193-214]. Their purchase of this land in common indicates they still maintained some of their tribal customs. However, their purchase of only 30 acres among their white neighbors may have been the first step in abandoning their customs since land would have been too small to support their traditional way of life - hunting, fishing, and subsistence agriculture. This land was divided among Sarah, Nancy, Elizabeth, Thaney, Lewis, Treasy and Judith Robbins [notes the spellng with two "B"s] on 20 August 1821 [11:40]. Ann Robins was head of a Gates county household of four "other free" in 1800 [NC: 276 {census record}, 5 in 1810 (called Nancy) [NC:842 {Census Record}], and seven "Free Colored" in 1820 [NC:155 {Census Record}]

3. 1782 Aug 19, Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Third Monday in May, Gates County, NC; Deed of sale of Land to James Robbins, Benjamin Robbins, Patience Robbins, Sarah Robbins, Nanny Robbins, Elizabeth Robbins, Darkis Robbins, and Christian Robbins proved by the oath [of] Thomas Hoffler a Subscribing Witness and c p/d/

CHILD TWO - Lucy Robins

1. 1787 Feb, Gates County Court of PLeas and Quarters, NC; "Sam'l Robbins and illegitimate Child son of LUCY ROBBINS about the age of 15 years [b. 1772] [race not given] bound to Jethro Miller [Lassiter] to learn the business of Cooper.

     NOTE: Being that Samuel was born in c. 1772 and Lucy was 15-18 years old when he was born, then she was born 1754/1757

Nan Robins' Children:

CHILD ONE - James Robins

1. 1790 Census Record: James Robins: 1-Free White Females including head of families, 15-all other free persons.

2. "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia" by Paul Heinegg, "was among eight members of the family named as buyers of 30 acres near the old Indian patent line on 1 Aug 1782 [A - 22:23]. In 1783 this land was called the "line of Children of Nan Robbins [note the two B's] but by 1793 it was called James Robins' land.[3:167]. He, (His Brother?) Benjamin Robins, George and Joseph Bennet were called "chief men and representatives pf the Chowan Indian Nation" when they sold for 100$ the last four hundred acres of the original 11,360 acres which the tribe held by patent of 24 April 1724 [2:1724]. He was head of a Gates County household of 15 "other free" and one white woman in 1790. [NC:23]{Census Record}. 3 "other free" and one white woman in 1800 [NC:276]{Census record}, and 2 "other free" in 1810. [NC:842]{Census record}

3. 1782 Aug 19, Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Third Monday in May, Gates County, NC:; "Deed of Sale of 30 acres of land to James Robbins, Benjamin Robbins, Patience Robbins, Sarah Robbins, Nancy Robbins, Elizabeth Robbins, Dorcus Robbins & Christian Robbins proved bythe oath of [sic] of Thomas Hoffler a Sunscribing witness and c p/d/ [all appear to have been brothers and sisters. This is supported by the deeds of property next to them that always refer to their property "as the line of the children on Nan Robbins.]

1790 April 12, Deed Book 2. page 98 "Indenture between James Robbins, Benj Robbins, George Bennett and Joseph Bennett, Chief Men and Representetives of the Chowan Indians Nation of the County of Gates and the State of North Carolina and William Lewis and Samuel Harrell of the County and State aforesaid of the other part." "in consideration of the sum  of one hundred Spanish Millo ollars to them." for 400 acres from the original 11360 acres in 4 April 1724.

1791 Dec 28, Abstract: Gates County, NC: Committee of Propersition and Grievances report on petition of James robins: appears to satisfaction of committee that lord Proprietors of North Carolina did grant unto the Chowan Nation a tract of land on Bennets and Catherine Creek for 11360 acres in 1724, the greater part has been solf by chief men of said nation by consent of governor and council: the undisposed remnants of said tract appear to be disposed off to William Lewis and Samuel Harrell... money has been paid to above mentioned tribe and deed has been signed by all except six Indian women [Patience, Sarah, Nancy, Elizabeth, Dorcus and Christian Robins], descendants of tribe, and aforsaid purchase will in no wise affect the land on which they now live.

 J. Hunt, elk                                                                                                R.M Kinee, chmn                 

Feb Court 1792

 

1792 Jan 02 bstract: By virtue of resolution of General Assembly at Nov 28 and 30 Dec last it was agreed that William Lewis and Samuel Harrell petition to buy 400 acres for $100 from Chowan Indians be granted.

Joseph Riddick                                                          Samuel Martin gov.

1819 Nov 15, Court of Pleas & Quarters, Gates County, NC, "Deed of Sale Elisha R Bond to James Robbins the hand writing of Thomas Bond the the subscribing witness thereto was proved by oath of Henry Gilliam &c."

4. "enlisted as a soldier in the Revolution War, on the American side, on New Years Day of 1777, signing up for 2 1/4 years. His name appears as #37 on a list of names number 1 to 73; the "roll of Captain James Read's Company of the First North Carolina Battalion, Commanded by Colonel Thomas Clark, September 8th, 1778."

When discharged from army service on Fenruary 1st, 1780, James robins was a private in Dawson's Company of the 7th Regiment o the Continental Line of North Carolina.

The "army accounts of the North Carolina Line--settled by the commissioners at... Warrenton in the year 1786". show L (pounds) 185, 5 shillings and 8 pence paid to one John price for James Robins [account # 1622]

CHILD TWO - Benjamin Robins  birth: 1790 Census Record, Gates County, NC

1. 1790 Censu Record: James Robins: 1 white female, 15 all other free persons.

2. Data taken from "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia", by Paul Heinegg.

3. 177 Nov 1. Gates County, NC Inferior Court;" and Bondsman Apprentice unto the said James Garrott, Snr     Benjamin Robins, about the age of 14 years [c. 1765] the said Benjamin Robins with the ssaid James Garrot to live with until he arrive to the age of Twenty one years [c. 1786]" "that he will teach or cause to be taught and instruct the said Benjamin Robins in the business of a Plantation etc."

NOTE: WHAT HAPPENED THAT TWO YEARS LATER WAS APPRENTICD TO JETHRO MELTEAR???

4. 1781 May 25, Gates Count of pleas and Quarters, Court Minutes; Abstract: "Benjamin Robbins an Indian Boy of about 17 years of age [c. 1764] bound as an apprentice to Jethro Meltear."

5. 1782 Aug 19, Court of Pleas and Quarter sessions, third monday in May, Gates County, NC:;"Deed of Sale of 30 acres of land to James robbins, Benjamin Robbins, Patiance robbins, Sarah robbins, Nancy Robbins, Elizabeth Robbinsl Dorcus Robbins, & Christian Robbins proved by an oath [sic] of Thomas Hoffler a Subscribing witness and c/d and c/d/p [all appear to have been brothers and sisters. this is supported by the deed of property next to them that always refer to their property "as the line of the children of Nan Robbins."

1790 April 12, Deed Book 2. page 98 "Indenture between James Robbins, Benj Robbins, George Bennett and Joseph Bennett, Chief Men and Representetives of the Chowan Indians Nation of the County of Gates and the State of North Carolina and William Lewis and Samuel Harrell of the County and State aforesaid of the other part." "in consideration of the sum  of one hundred Spanish Millo ollars to them." for 400 acres from the original 11360 acres in 4 April 1724.

CHILD THREE - Patience Robbins birth: 1790 Census Record, Gates County, NC

1. 1790 Censu Record: James Robins: 1 white female, 15 all other free persons.

 2.  1782 Aug 19, Court of Pleas and Quarter sessions, third monday in May, Gates County, NC:;"Deed of Sale of 30 acres of land to James robbins, Benjamin Robbins, Patiance robbins, Sarah robbins, Nancy Robbins, Elizabeth Robbinsl Dorcus Robbins, & Christian Robbins proved by an oath [sic] of Thomas Hoffler a Subscribing witness and c/d and c/d/p [all appear to have been brothers and sisters. this is supported by the deed of property next to them that always refer to their property "as the line of the children of Nan Robbins."

3. 1820 May 15, "who was living in Chowan County on 15 May 1820 when she sold land in Gates County, known by the name Indian Town, which was descended to her from her mother [Nan Nabet Anne Robins RIN 1116]. "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia." by Paul Heinegg [10:523]

 CHILD FOUR - Sarah Robbins

Birth: 1790 Census Record, Gates County, Edenton District

1800 Census Record, Gates County, NC                                        - Other Free Persons: 2

1810 Census Record, Gates County. NC                                         - Other Free Persons: 4

1820 Census Record, gates County, NC                                          - Ages 45 and upward free colored persons [bef. 1775]

NOTES:

1. 1790 Census Record: James Robins: 1 Free White Female, 15 all other free.

2. "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia" by Paul Heinegg, pg 02, "Sarah Robins, born perhaps1766, was head of a Gates County household of 3 "other free" in 1800 [NC 276, 4 om 1810 [NC 342] and 10 [incorrect s/b 07] "free colored" in 1820 [NC 155] (4 - agriculture; Colored Males 1 - under 14 [1806-1800];

     2 - of 14 and under 26 [1794-1806], 1 - of 26 under 45 [1775-1794] 1 - ages 45 and up [before 1775], Colored Females 1 - of 14 and under 26 [1794 - 1806], 1 - ages 45 and up [before 1775].

She was the mother of James, born about 1784, ten year old son of Sarah Robins, bound as an apprentice house carpenter and joiner to William Lewis in Gates County in February 1794 [1:10]" "Sealy, married James Reed, 25 October 1808 Gates County bond, James Lassiter bondsman.

3. 1782 Aug 19, Court of Pleas and Quarter sessions, third monday in May, Gates County, NC:;"Deed of Sale of 30 acres of land to James robbins, Benjamin Robbins, Patiance robbins, Sarah robbins, Nancy Robbins, Elizabeth Robbinsl Dorcus Robbins, & Christian Robbins proved by an oath [sic] of Thomas Hoffler a Subscribing witness and c/d and c/d/p [all appear to have been brothers and sisters. this is supported by the deed of property next to them that always refer to their property "as the line of the children of Nan Robbins."

1821 Aug Court, Gates County, NC, "Ordered that an execution issue in favour of John Walton against Sarah Robins and the other defendants in the suit John Walton against them for the partition of land &c for the sum of "18.9 being part of their costs &c.

4. 1820 Census Record, Gates County, NC, 1-free male colored person under 14, 1806-1820; 2 free male colored persons of 14 and under 26 1794-1806; 1-free male colored person of 26 and under 45; 1 free male colored personof ages 45 and up, before 1775; one free female colored person of 14 and under 26 1794-1806, one free female colored person ages 45 and up, before 1775.

CHILD FIVE - Elizabeth Robins

Birth: 1790 Census Record, Gates County, Edenton District 

1. 1790 Census Record: James Robins: 1 Free White Female, 15 all other free.

2. Data taken from "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia" by Paul Heinegg.

3. 1782 Aug 19, Court of Pleas and Quarter sessions, third monday in May, Gates County, NC:;"Deed of Sale of 30 acres of land to James robbins, Benjamin Robbins, Patiance robbins, Sarah robbins, Nancy Robbins, Elizabeth Robbinsl Dorcus Robbins, & Christian Robbins proved by an oath [sic] of Thomas Hoffler a Subscribing witness and c/d and c/d/p [all appear to have been brothers and sisters. this is supported by the deed of property next to them that always refer to their property "as the line of the children of Nan Robbins."

CHILD 6 - Christian Robbins

Birth: 1790 Census Record, Gates County, Edenton District [See Notes 1 and 2]

Occupation: Weaver [see NOTES 4]

Address: 1819 Perquimans County, NC. Data; see NOTES 2

 NOTES

1. 1790 Census Record: James Robins: 1 Free White Female, 15 all other free.

2. "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia" by Paul Heinegg "was living in Perquimans County [NC] on 25 February 1819 when he sold his rights to 5 acres in Gates county at Indian Town joining lands of Nancy, Elizabeth and Sarah Robbins [note the spelling with two 'B's[]10:366] NOTE: I believe this is a SHE and not a HE, because of NOTE 4, and no other research  except the restraining order of Christian Robbins, Weaver, vs. John Robbins, Carpenter on the 6th day of Jany 1815 and there is no wife of John named Christian.

3. 1782 Aug 19, Court of Pleas and Quarter sessions, third monday in May, Gates County, NC:;"Deed of Sale of 30 acres of land to James robbins, Benjamin Robbins, Patiance robbins, Sarah robbins, Nancy Robbins, Elizabeth Robbinsl Dorcus Robbins, & Christian Robbins proved by an oath [sic] of Thomas Hoffler a Subscribing witness and c/d and c/d/p [all appear to have been brothers and sisters. this is supported by the deed of property next to them that always refer to their property "as the line of the children of Nan Robbins."

4. 1815 Jan 6, State of North Carolina, Gates County. To the Sherrif of the sd/ County and to the Constables Sherrifs, for as much as Christian Robins of No. Carolina in the said County weaver & hath personally appeared before me Timy Walton, one of the Justices of the Peace in and for the said County and hath taken a Corporal Oath that she the said Christian Robins is afraid that John Robins [RIN 1130] of No. Carolina in the said County CARPENTER will beat, Wound main or kill her or do hersome bodily hurts and therefore prayed security of the peace against him and the sd. John Robins [RIN 1130]

5. 1815 Jan 16, State of North Carolin, Gates County, "to say the said John Robbins in the sum of one hundred pounds" to be levied of this respective Goods and Chettel Land etc." " shall be enjoined him towards the State and all the Citizens thereof and especially towards the said Christian Robins."

6. 1819 Feb 23, Sale fo ten acres of land to John [B] Walton was proved by the oath of John B Walton.

CHILD SEVEN - Mary ROBINS

 Birth: 1790 Census Record, Gates County, Edenton District

NOTES:

1. 1790 Census Record: James Robins: 1 Free White Female, 15 all other free.

2. "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia" by Paul Heinegg "was living in Gates County [NC] in May 1798, etc."

CHILD EIGHT - Hardy ROBINS

Birth: 1790 Census Record, Gates County, Edenton District    all other free persons - 01 abt 21 +/- [1769] Data: see NOTES 1, 2, and 3

1. 1790 Census Record: James Robins: 1 Free White Female, 15 all other free.

2. "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia" by Paul Heinegg, "head of a Gates county household of one "other free" in 1790 [NC:23] {Census Record}, an unsolvent taxpayer in 1794 [1:80]

3. As he is counted as a head of household in 1790 Census, could be 21 years old [plus or minus]

4. 1795 Aug; Gates County, Court; "Ordered that the Sheriff of this County be allowed in the Settlement of his Accounts for the following insolvents for the year 1794; etc Hardy Robins, etc"

CHILD NINE - Thaney ROBINS

Birth: 1790 Census Record, Gates County, Edenton District

NOTES

1. "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia" by Paul Heinegg, "was living in Gates County in February 1794" "She received her part of the division of 30 acres in Gates County, Formerly called Indian Town on 20 August 1821 [11:40]"

CHILD TEN - Elisha ROBINS

Birth: 1790 Census Record, Gates County, Edenton District

NOTES:

1.  "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia" by Paul Heinegg

2. 1781 May 25, Gates Court Minutes, NC, Abstract: "Elisha Robins an Indian Boy about 11 years [1770] of age bound as an apprentice to Jethro Meltear"

3. 1794 Aug Court, Gates County, NC: for the year 1794, "an insolvent taxpayes: John Robins, Elisha Robbins, Samuel Robbins, etc."

CHILD ELEVEN - Noah ROBINS

birth: Data see NOTE one

NOTES

1. Genealogy Chart [Unknown source]

CHILD TWELVE - Nancy/Ann ROBINS

birth: 1800 Census Record, Gates County, NC 4 people in household, age 26 [1775]  1810 Census Record, Gates County, NC              5 people in household, age 35 [1775]   1820 Census Record, Gates County, NC              7 people in household, age 45 [1775]   1830 Census Record, Gates County, NC              5 people in household, age 55 [1775]     Data: see NOTES 1, 2 and 4

NOTES:

1. On Census Records, surname is spelled with two 'B's ROBBINS.

2. This makes Nancy Robbins too roung to be the Nan Robins born about 1743 and too old to be a daughter of James Robbins born in 1788. The reason we [Ron Robbins RIN 1237 and I] came to this conclusion is that the 30 acres of land bought in 1782 all appear to be brother and sister. This is supported by the deeds of the property sold next to them that always refer to their property "as the line of the children of Nan Robbins" "It is my [Ronald Robbins] belief that Nancy Robbins, the daugher, is mother of Noah Robbins born in 1802 and the John Robbins born in 1815. As I looked through the census she is the only person that have individuals in their household that fit the time frame and age group of Noah and John. I have always ben told that Nancy Robbins is whom we descended from, however i could not see how a woman [that is Nan Nancy Ann Robbins] born in 1743 could have a child born in 1802. Now it is understandable, there was a second Nancy Robbins [besides the Nancy Robins born in 1788 and married to Jethro Meltear on 8 Oct 1856 and the daughter of Jacob Robins]. 

3. 1782 May Court, Gates County, NC; "deed of Sale of Land Henry Hill to James Robbins, Benjamin Robbins, Patience Robbins, Sarah robbins, Nancy Robbins Nancy Robbins, Elizabeth Robbins, Dorcus Robbins & Christian Robbins proved by he oath [sic] of Thomas Hoffler a Subscribing Witness and c/p/d/ [all appear to have been brothers and sisters. This is supported by the deeds of property next to them that always refer to their property "as the line of the the children of Nan Robbins."].

 1782 Aug 19, Court of Pleas and Quarter sessions, third monday in May, Gates County, NC:;"Deed of Sale of 30 acres of land to James robbins, Benjamin Robbins, Patiance robbins, Sarah robbins, Nancy Robbins, Elizabeth Robbinsl Dorcus Robbins, & Christian Robbins proved by an oath [sic] of Thomas Hoffler a Subscribing witness and c/d and c/d/p [all appear to have been brothers and sisters. this is supported by the deed of property next to them that always refer to their property "as the line of the children of Nan Robbins."

 4. 1820 Census shows householf of 10; 4 males, 6 females.

 CHILD THIRTEEN - Dorcus Robins

Birth:

1790 Census Record, Gates County, Edenton district, NC [see NOTES 1]                              1800 Census record, Gates county, NC [Robins]                              all other free persons  06 1810 Census Record, Gates County, NC [Robins]                             all other free persons 04   1820 Census Record, [see NOTES 4]                                                                                               1830 Census Record, Carteret County, MC [Robinson]    of 40 and under 50 [1780-1790] 1840 Census Record, Nansemond County, VA [Robinson] of 50 and under 60 [1780-90] 1850 Census Record, Nansemond County, VA [Robinson]       brn NC   age 69 abt 1781     Data: see NOTES 2

NOTES:

1. 1790 Census Record: James Robins: 1 Free White Female, 15 all other free.

2. Do not know if surname os a married one or if she changed Robins to Robinson and as she was Chowanoke Indian, loosely followed the matrilineal descent of surname status. It was not uncommon for one named Robins to be referred to as Robinson; yet her daughter Mary was married to Isaac Blanchard as Nancy Robertson and to Isaac Hofler [Isaac Blanchard and Isaac Hofler being the same person] to Mary Robinson.  

3.  "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia" by Paul Heinegg

4. 1782 Aug 19, Court of Pleas and Quarter sessions, third monday in May, Gates County, NC:;"Deed of Sale of 30 acres of land to James robbins, Benjamin Robbins, Patiance robbins, Sarah robbins, Nancy Robbins, Elizabeth Robbinsl Dorcus Robbins, & Christian Robbins proved by an oath [sic] of Thomas Hoffler a Subscribing witness and c/d and c/d/p [all appear to have been brothers and sisters. this is supported by the deed of property next to them that always refer to their property "as the line of the children of Nan Robbins."

 5. 1819 Jan 16 Will: Thomas Bond' probate May Court 1819, Gates County, "Item to my daughter Elizabeth Bond etc" " I also give to her one negro woman named DORCUS and her increase." Is this Dorcus, Dorcus Robins and was she Indentured/Bonded to Thomas Bond abt 1810 [she would have been about age 29] to abt 1830 afe c. 49?????

 CHILD FOURTEEN - John Robins

Birth: 1790 Census Record, Gates County, Edenton District                                                       Data: See NOTES 1, 2 and 3.                                                                                          10 Aug 1772 1820 Census Record, Gates County, NC pgs 155 a,b       of 26 and under 45    [1775-1794]

Marriage: Virginia Commonwealth, Norfolk County, Bond, 1816 to Miss Mary Ann Weaver

Occupation: Carpenter [see NOTES 2 and 5]

NOTES:

1. 1790 Census Record: James Robins: 1 Free White Female, 15 all other free

2. "Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia" by Paul Heinegg, bound an apprentice house carpenter and joiner to William Lewis in February 1794 [1:10]. He and Charles Robins were called "Indian or Molatto boys" when they were bound to Henry Lee in February 1796 after William Lewis' death [1:109] He may have been the John Robins who married Mrs. Mary Ann Weaver. "free persons of color" 1816 Norfolk County bond, robert Barrett surety. He was head of a Gates County household of 7 "free colored"  in 1820, NC 155 [1-free colored male 1775-1794, 4 free colored females 1806-1820, 1-free colored female 1794-1866, 1-free colored male 1775-1794]

3. 1794 Aug Court Gates County, NC, Insolvents for the year 1794, "John Robbins, Elisha Robbins, Samuel Robbins, etc."

4. 1794 Aug Gates County Court Minutes, NC "Ordered that John Robbins Son of Nanny Robbins about eleven years of age [c. 1783]  on the 10th of Augst last be bound as an Apprentice to William Lewis to learn the Business of a House Carpenter & Joiner."

5.  1815 Jan 6, State of North Carolina, Gates County. To the Sherrif of the sd/ County and to the Constables Sherrifs, for as much as Christian Robins of No. Carolina in the said County weaver & hath personally appeared before me Timy Walton, one of the Justices of the Peace in and for the said County and hath taken a Corporal Oath that she the said Christian Robins is afraid that John Robins [RIN 1130] of No. Carolina in the said County CARPENTER will beat, Wound main or kill her or do hersome bodily hurts and therefore prayed security of the peace against him and the sd. JOHN ROBINS"

6. 1815 Jan 16, State of North Carolina, Gates County, "to say the said John Robbins in the sum of pounds" "to be levied of this respective Goods and Chettel Land etc " "shall be enjoined him towards the State and all the Citizens thereof and especially toward the said Christian Robiins."

7. 1826 Apr 27, Gates Count Court NC, complain of one William Morris that John Robins may or will cause bodily harm to him.

 

Thanks again to Jerry Pierce for the above compiled research!  The above individuals represent most of the last Chowanoke Indians to be born on the communally held tribal land called Indian Town. With the above information hopefully more people will be able to trace back to the old Chowanoke Nation.

If anyone has more information to add, or notices an error in need of correction, don't be a stranger, email us or post to out guestbook!

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